It's an overly hard last week and err...utterly did not get the opportunity to msg you.....‏

Hello again,
Care to let me know if you have received my documents??
Oh - here I pasted the report I was searching...
Pseudophyllid cestodes (order pseudophyllidea) are a kind of flatworm with multiple "segments" (proglottids) and two bothria or "sucking grooves" as adults. Proglottids are identifiably pseudophyllid as the genital pore and uterine pore are located on the mid-ventral surface, and the ovary is bilobed ("dumbbell-shaped").
Eggs have one flat end (the operculum) and a small knob on the other end. All pseudophyllid cestodes have a procercoid stage in their life cycle, and most also have a plerocercoid stage.
The most important family of pseudophyllid cestodes is Diphyllobothriidae, which infect mammals as their definitive hosts and use either copepods (a group of small crustaceans found in the sea and nearly every freshwater habitat, e.g. Spirometra) or both copepods and fish as in the broadfish tapeworm as intermediate hosts. The hermaphroditic Schistocephalus solidus parasitizes fish and fish-eating water birds, with a cyclopoid copepod as the first intermediate host.

Hope to hear from you,
Ruth Baker

from: Ruth Baker (

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